Electrochemical Investigations for the Corrosion Control of Aluminum using an Eco friendly Natural Inhibitor

Fig. 3: Nyquist plots for the corrosion of aluminum in H2SO4 (pH =3) containing different concentrations of CLE at 30 ℃.

The inhibitive effect of Curry leaves extract (CLE) on the corrosion behavior of aluminum in sulfuric acid (pH = 3) was investigated by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques in the temperature range of 30 °C to 50 °C. The study was done by varying the concentrations of inhibitor from 0.05 g L−1 to 0.4 g L−1. The surface morphology was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Inhibition efficiency was found to increase with increase in inhibitor concentration and decrease with increase in temperature. CLE acted as an anodic type inhibitor at lower concentrations of inhibitor and behaved as a mixed type at higher concentrations of inhibitor and underwent both physisorption and chemisorption on the surface of the metal and followed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm.


    

Effect of 0.5wt% Cu Content on the Electrochemical Corrosion of Heat Treated Al-6Si-0.5Mg Alloy in Simulated Seawater

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Al-Si hypoeutectic alloys produced by casting are mostly used in the automotive industry, especially for engine blocks. They have the advantage of low weight associated with low coefficient of thermal expansion and excellent mechanical properties. The corrosion resistance of these alloys in coastal area, particularly in seawater environment is not well known. In this investigation, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and potentiodynamic polarisation have been used to evaluate the corrosion resistance of Cu free and 0.5wt% Cu content Al-6Si-0.5Mg alloy in simulated seawater environment. The 0.5wt% Cu addition to the Al-6Si-0.5Mg alloy showed that Cu decreased susceptibility to electrochemical corrosion compared to the Cu free Al-6Si-0.5Mg alloy. The magnitude of open circuit potential (OCP), corrosion potential (Ecorr) and pitting corrosion potential (Epit) of Al-6Si-0.5Mg alloy in simulated seawater were shifted to the more noble direction due to 0.5wt% Cu addition and thermal modification.


    

Electrochemical Investigation on the Corrosion Behavior of Combined Addition of Cu and Ni to Al-Si-Mg Alloy in 0.1M NaCl Solution

Fig. 6: SEM images of the damage surface morphology of Alloy-2 in NaCl solution

The purpose of this paper is to understand the effect of 2Cu+2Ni addition on electrochemical corrosion behavior of thermal treated Al-6Si-0.5Mg alloy in 0.1M NaCl solution. The corrosion of the thermal treated samples was characterized by electrochemical potentiodynamic polarization technique consisting of linear polarization method using the fit Tafel plot and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. Generally, from the linear polarization, the corrosion rate decreases at thermal treated Al-6Si-0.5Mg-2Cu-2Ni alloy (Alloy-2). The corrosion behavior of the Alloy-2 in the 0.1M NaCl solution showed better resistance than the Alloy-1. The EIS test results also showed that the changing of charge transfer resistance (Rct) is significant with the combined addition of 2Cu+2Ni to Al-6Si-0.5Mg alloy. The magnitude of the noble shift in the open circuit potential (OCP), corrosion potential (Ecorr) and pitting corrosion potential (Epit) increased with the addition of 2Cu+2Ni to Al-6Si-0.5Mg alloy.


    

The first year of the master program in Electrochemistry and Electroplating

Study with excellent prospects at the Technische Universität Ilmenau. © TU Ilmenau

Sought-after experts – the Technische Universität Ilmenau (TU Ilmenau) offers a master program in Electrochemistry and Electroplating

Being a small but well-established university located in the centre of Germany, the TU Ilmenau is widely known for its combination of a high standard of training, a convincing campus and a personal atmosphere, thus representing a very pleasant and attractive place of study.

Technische Universität Ilmenau (TU Ilmenau). © ari

Technische Universität Ilmenau (TU Ilmenau).
© ari

One year ago, the university extended its rich and mainly engineering-oriented profile by a new master program in Electro- chemistry and Electroplating (four semesters), behind which there is a whole industry represented by the German Central Association of Surface Engineering (Zentral-verband Oberflächentechnik, ZVO). The master course aims to develop highly qualified professionals as junior staff for the electroplating and surface treatment industry. Continue reading…

Magnetic property and corrosion resistance of electrodeposited nanocrystalline cobalt-nickel alloys

Fig. 3: SEM micrographs Co-Ni coatings deposited at (a) 2.0 A dm-2 (b) 4.0 A dm-2 (c) 6.0A dm-2 (d) 8.0 A dm-2, from optimal bath

In the present investigation we have galvanostatically synthesized Co-Ni nanocrystalline alloys on copper substrate. The effect of current density (c.d.) on composition, surface morphology and phase structure were studied for explaining the magnetic and corrosion resistance of the alloy. The bath found to exhibit the preferential deposition of less noble Co than Ni, and at no conditions of c.d., the deposition has changed from anomalous to normal type. Surface morphology and structural characteristics of the deposits were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. As composition of the alloy varied, consequent to the c.d. a change of hexagonal close packing structure (hcp) to face centered cubic structure (fcc) was observed. Finally, the conditions responsible for peak magnetic property and corrosion resistance were optimized. Factors responsible for improved functional properties were explained in terms of surface morphology and crystalline grain size of the coatings.