Characterization and influence on the fatigue properties of the metal-turn-over of an electroless nickel coating on an AlCuMgFeNi alloy

  • Fig. 3: Etched cross section of the coatings in the as deposited condition of (a) MTO 0, (b) MTO 2, (c) MTO 3.5; the substrate material is in the lower part of the picture. The coatings show the lamellar structure as well as some defects reaching from the substrate to the surface
    Fig. 3: Etched cross section of the coatings in the as deposited condition of (a) MTO 0, (b) MTO 2, (c) MTO 3.5; the substrate material is in the lower part of the picture. The coatings show the lamellar structure as well as some defects reaching from the substrate to the surface

In this paper the influence of a mid-phosphorous electroless nickel coating on EN-AW 2618A was studied. Special emphasis was put on the metalturn-over (MTO) and a heat treatment on the coating properties and their influence on the fatigue properties. The increasing MTO leads to an increase in phosphorous content resulting in a reduction of hardness, while the ductility is much less affected. The low temperature heat treatment increases the hardness through a crystal growth. The fatigue tests show, that the electroless nickel coating can both have a positive as well as a negative influence on the fatigue properties. At higher mechanical stresses the deposit tends to reduce the lifetime, while at lower loads the lifetime gets increased. The reduction of lifetime is caused by defects in the coating which act as stress concentrators. An increase in MTO leads to a higher amount of coating defects and therefore a higher possibility for a reduction of the lifetime. Further research has to focus on the growth mechanisms of those defects since their influence seems to be more significant than other factors like the phosphorous content.


    

Corrosion Inhibition of Carbon Steel in hydrochloric acid medium using Gliclazide drug

  • Tab. 10: EFM kinetic variables calculation from CS that submersion in 1 M HCl without and with various doses of Gliclazide at 25 oC
    Tab. 10: EFM kinetic variables calculation from CS that submersion in 1 M HCl without and with various doses of Gliclazide at 25 oC
The role of Gliclazide as corrosion drugs for CS in 1 M HCl have been studied by using weight loss (WL), Hydrogen evaluation (HE), potentiodynamic polarization (PP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and Electrochemical frequency modulation (EFM) techniques. Weight loss (WL) studied at various temperatures between (25 – 45oC) but Hydrogen evaluation (HE), Open circuit potential (EOCP) and all electrochemical studied at 25oC and seen that the gliclazide studied are mixed type drug. The effect of temperature on corrosion inhibition, the activation and the thermodynamic of adsorption parameters were determinate. Electrochemical impedance was utilizing to examine the inhibition of corrosion and the mechanism. The existence of the Gliclazide in the solution rise the charge transfer resistance and reducing the capacitance of the double layer. The adsorption of the Gliclazide on the surface of CS was found to obey with Langmuir adsorption isotherm and discussed the thermodynamic parameters (ΔGo, ΔHo and ΔSo) that were determinate. The morphology of inhibition of Gliclazide on CS surface was analyzed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) technology, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), all examine techniques illustrate the formation of thin film from Gliclazide inhibitor adsorbed on the metal surface.It was found the adsorption process is spontaneous and increases, with increasing of inhibition efficiency.


    

New generation of acid Zn-Ni electrolyte for barrel application (Part 2)

  • Tab. 7: Current efficiencies of different Zn-Ni processes measured electrochemically in a fresh M-up during deposition at 2.5 and 0.7 A/dm2
    Tab. 7: Current efficiencies of different Zn-Ni processes measured electrochemically in a fresh M-up during deposition at 2.5 and 0.7 A/dm2

The demand for Zinc Nickel coatings continuously increases in the automotive industry. Especially interesting are zinc nickel alloys with a nickel incorporation of 12–16 %, due to their high corrosion protection as well as superior wear and heat resistance as compared to pure zinc and other zinc alloy coatings.
Despite many advantages of acid Zn-Ni electrolytes there are still some areas of application, like barrel plating or plating of complex-shaped parts, believed to be reserved for alkaline processes. In this paper zinc nickel coatings deposited from ammonium and boric acid-free acid zinc nickel electrolytes, with improved throwing power for rack and barrel applications are investigated. Their corrosion resistance, ductility and hardness will be presented. Moreover, their texture and morphology will be investigated using SEM, XRD and FIB methods. In the end thickness distribution and Ni-incorporation will be presented and compared to alkaline systems.


    

New generation of acid Zn-Ni electrolyte for barrel application (Part 1)

  • Tab. 2: Comparison of Ni incorporation on hull cell panels coated using various Zn-Ni processes measured via XRF
    Tab. 2: Comparison of Ni incorporation on hull cell panels coated using various Zn-Ni processes measured via XRF

The demand for Zinc Nickel coatings continuously increases in the automotive industry. Especially interesting are zinc nickel alloys with a nickel incorporation of 12–16 %, due to their high corrosion protection as well as superior wear and heat resistance as compared to pure zinc and other zinc alloy coatings. Despite many advantages of acid Zn-Ni electrolytes there are still some areas of application, like barrel plating or plating of complex-shaped parts, believed to be reserved for alkaline processes. In this paper zinc nickel coatings deposited from ammonium and boric acid-free acid zinc nickel electrolytes, with improved throwing power for rack and barrel applications are investigated. Their corrosion resistance, ductility and hardness will be presented. Moreover, their texture and morphology will be investigated using SEM, XRD and FIB methods. In the end thickness distribution and Ni-incorporation will be presented and compared to alkaline systems.


    

Delonix Regia Leaf Extract as Environmental Friendly and Safe Corrosion Inhibitor for Carbon Steel in Aqueous Solutions


Delonix regia leaf extract activity as a green corrosion inhibitor (environmental friendly) for carbon steel (CS) in 1M HCl has been studied using weight loss (WL), potentiodynamic polarization (PP), electrochemical frequency modulation (EFM) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The weight loss results show that Delonix regia leaf extract is an excellent corrosion inhibitor. The inhibition efficiency (IE) increases with temperature from 25 to 45oC, reaching a maximum value of 78.8 % at the highest concentration of 300 ppm at the temperature of 45oC. Polarization measurements demonstrate that the Delonix regia leaf extract acts as a mixed type inhibitor. Nyquist plot illustrates that on increasing Delonix regia leaf extract dose, the charge transfer increases and the double layer capacitance decreases. The adsorption of Delonix regia leaf extract on CS obeys Temkin adsorption isotherm.