Environmentally friendly electrolyte for the electrodeposition of Cu-Zn alloys

Environmentally friendlier and safer alternatives are required as replacement for highly toxic cyanide baths used by electroplating industries. Glutamate has proved to be an adequate complexing agent in alkaline copper and zinc plating baths due to its capability to form anionic complexes with those metal ions. Consequently, studies with a glutamate-based electrolyte for Cu-Zn alloys deposition are presented.
In this work, cathodic polarization experiments on a rotating disk electrode in both static and rotating conditions were carried out using the novel electrolyte with and without the addition of a polymeric cationic surfactant (Polyquaternium-7). The deposits were later dissolved by anodic stripping to characterize the electrochemical processes involved in the Cu-Zn-Glutamate system. Galvanostatic experiments, using flat steel electrodes as substrate, were carried out at different current densities with and without additive. These coatings were characterised by SEM, EDS and XRD.
Cu-Zn alloys with compositions between 37-83 wt.% of copper were obtained. α, β and γ phases were obtained depending on the electrolyte composition and the applied current density.


Adsorption and inhibitive properties of aqueous extracts of rosmarinus as a green corrosion extract for copper in HNO3

The efficiency of plant extract as corrosion extract for copper in 1M HNO3 medium was carried out using weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and electrochemical frequency modulation (EFM) techniques. The results showed variation in inhibition performance of the extract with varying concentration, immersion time and temperature. Langmuir isotherm was tested to describe the adsorption behavior of the extract on the copper surface. Potentiodynamic polarization study clearly revealed that this extract acts as a mixed type inhibitor i.e. the addition of the extract enhances both cathodic and anodic reactions. The results of the electrochemical impedance study showed a decrease in double layer capacitance and an increase in the charge transfer resistance. The results showed that rosmarinus extract could play significant role as corrosion inhibitor for copper in 1M HMO3.


8-hydroxy-7-phenylazo-quinoline-5-sulfonicacid derivatives as corrosion inhibitors for copper in nitric acid solutions

Corrosion Inhibition of copper in nitric acid by 8-hydroxy-7-phenylazo-quinoline-5-sulfonicacid derivatives have been studied using weight loss and electrochemical measurements. The results showed that these derivatives act as moderate corrosion inhibitor for copper at all concentrations of these derivatives. All results indicate that the inhibition efficiency increases with increasing inhibitor concentrations. Polarization curves revealed that these derivatives are mixed type inhibitors. The adsorption of these derivatives on the surface of the copper specimens obeys Temkin adsorption isotherm. Some thermodynamic and kinetic parameters for the corrosion process were calculated and discussed. Some quantum chemical parameters for these derivatives calculated by the density function theory (DFT) semi-empirical method to provide further insight into the mechanism of inhibition of the corrosion process.