Square Wave Pulsating Overpotential Treatment of Chromic Acid Solution

Systematic investigation of square wave pulsating overpotential (SWPO) treatment of a chromic acid solution is presented. Some preliminary potentiodynamic scans, potentiostatic deposits, potential steps and capacitance vs. potential curves were measured in order to establish the practical range of the SWPO signal parameters. The results show that properly adjusting the electrochemical parameters of the cyclic alternating potential perturbation it is possible to obtain cracked or crack free metallic chromium or chromium oxide/hydroxide mixed coatings. The different deposit morphologies were characterized through scanning electron microscopy and their chemical composition and micro hardness was measured. Some insight into the possible mechanisms of coating growth under this potential cycling treatment is given.