Rayappan Pavul Raj

About Rayappan Pavul Raj

Electroplating and Metal Finishing Technology Division, CECRI - Central Electrochemical Research Institute, Karaikudi – 630006, Tamilnadu, India

Choline chloride-Ethylene glycol mixture as electrolyte for nano crystalline Nickel electrodeposits

Fig. 1a: Comparison of conductivity of Ni(II) chloride dissolved in Ethaline complex

Nickel plating was carried out in stable Nickel ion based deep eutectic solvent (DES). The DES electrolyte stability and possible structure were explained by using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Temperature Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetry (TMDSC) techniques. The conductivity and electrochemical studies for choline based eutectic solvents were analyzed by conductivity cell and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy respectively. Higher current efficiency, thickness and hardness of Nickel were obtained by Pulse current electrodeposition when compared with Direct current electrodeposition. Crystallographic orientation and structural morphology were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) respectively. Coated Nickel plate’s corrosion resistance and porosity properties were checked using potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.